Training for Impromptu Speaking and Testing Active Listening
With a Focus on Japanese StudentsDr. Cecilia B-Ikeguchi
ww4s-ikgc [at] asahi-net.or.jp
The best way to prepare for Impromptu speaking is to be well-informed, so goes the saying. And to be well-informed, one has to read a lot, watch TV a lot, know the country, people, and the world. These are skills that take a long-term or even life-term process, which if you come to think of it, goes beyond the scope of classroom instruction. The ESL teacher would often ask how the students can achieve such a life-time goal in a semester or a year's course. Besides, the teacher can give guidelines on how to deliver an impromptu speech, but to decide on the kind of materials or questions to ask is not an easy task. There are of course, lists of suggested topics for improptu speaking available in certain texts, but they may seem uninteresting or even far off the level and interest of the group of students we are presently dealing with . There are however, certain interesting ways to do it. The following is one of my favorite techniques in training students in the Intermediate level of English classes for impromptu speaking while at the same time teaching the higher levels of listening comprehension. I have found it a very challenging activity for my English students who would, at the end of the year, say: "this class realy taught me how to speak in English."
The first stage: The teacher selects some interesting news or episodes, etc. on TV which are available on video. Each video segment should not be longer than 5 - 7 minutes, and should be within the interest of the class. Prepare about 4 - 5 questions about each video part.
The second stage: Divide the class into groups of four or five, depending on class size, and the number of video clips available. Assign each group a video segment, and allow the whole class to watch all the parts together, once. Then allow enough time for the second viewing of the material of the first group.
The third stage: After all the groups have seen all the materials for once, and the firs group has seen theirs twice, give the first set of questions to the first group. The sequence of group performance can be decided on by lottery, or at random by the teacher. Assign each student in the group a question at random. While the first group is engaged in impromptu speaking, the rest of the class are watching their assigned video segment for the second time. The length of each video segment should be controlled so that when the first group finishes their speech, the next will be called in to present, and the other groups are ready to watch theirs for the second time. Meanwhile the first group to finish will now join wathing the speeches of the second group, and the audience increases as the number of groups to finish increases.
The fourth and final stage: When everybody is back into the big class group, students are then ready to ask questions, by being encouraged to do so or being assigned beforehand, about things they did not fully understand in the other groups video segments and which they find interesting.
What are the advantages of this technique? First, materials for imprompu speaking are chosen by the teacher according to the students' interest level, rather than picking out topics from text materials, etc. Not only that, this activity combines training students for public speaking and testing comprehension of materials presented through visuals. Furthermore, the students are simultaneously engaged in different activities instead of getting bored listening to all the classmates' speeches. Finally, the class is given a chance to watch a variety of materials - although short - in a limited class time. By providing a number of topics that will most likely hit the different interest levels of students in the same class, the students are driven, by their own interest to ask questions and finally, be engaged in meaningful conversations.
The Internet TESL Journal, Vol. II, No. 9, September 1996